Heather to create landscape compositions
Heather refers to those plants that can grow everywhere - in the garden on a flower bed, in a container on the terrace or in a flowerpot on the balcony. Of course, provided that you planted it correctly and adhere to the rules for caring for the plant. Heather can be found in many parts of the world, as it is able to adapt to almost any conditions and climate. It is also considered a universal plant for landscape gardening. In addition, you can create a whole heather garden.
Heather in the garden
Gardeners love heather also because of his stamina and ability to survive the harsh winter. In addition, there is a large selection of color diversity of this plant. Along with a typical purple hue, you can find heather with light green, white, purple and dark pink flowers.
The possibilities of decorating the garden with heather bushes are simply endless. You can, for example, make even and strict plantings from a plant of the same variety and color. However, it looks much more interesting if you combine different colors. Naturally, you should not mix all varieties in a row, but it is better to plant separate groups, each species - 10-12 copies each. If you can also choose species with different flowering times, then in your garden heather will bloom almost all year round.
Do not make too symmetrical landings, as a certain randomness will add a special twist to the landscape. Between landings, you can place large stones or create small mounds. Planting of heather in combination with rhododendrons and azalea looks especially good, since these plants love the same soil as heather. In addition, heather can be planted with ornamental herbs and miniature conifers.
An ideal place for heather is a completely open area under the sun. It is on such flower beds that heather shows the beauty of its flowering. However, if you decide to plant heather in partial shade, it will bloom there too. In shady places heather should not be planted, there it will wither and give a nondescript flowering.
As a rule, heather grows on any soil. But this does not mean that on every land it will give equally magnificent blossoming and fully develop. Optimal for heather is soil with an acidic environment (pH from 4.5 to 6.5). The land is preferably loose, rich in nutrients and humus, ideally slightly sandy. To improve the structure of the soil, before planting heather, enrich it with peat, add gravel and sand, and dig it carefully. If after planting you still cover the ground near the heather with two-centimeter layers of mulch, then it is safe to say that you have created ideal conditions for the abundant prosperity of heather.
The best time for planting heather is autumn and spring. In order for each plant to receive a sufficient amount of light, bushes should not be placed very close. It is desirable to maintain the distance between the individual specimens not less than 20 cm, or better, about 30 cm. To root the seedling faster, it is necessary to water it regularly, especially during periods of prolonged drought.
In order for heather to please its marvelous flowering for a long time, you should pay attention to the plant, although heather is one of the most unpretentious plants. Heather pruning is best done in early spring, this stimulates the plant to appear new shoots. However, even after flowering, heather withstands severe pruning. This stimulates not only growth, but also prevents exposure in the lower area of the bush.
The plant treats watering positively. The land near the heather should be constantly moist, even in winter it is not recommended to allow it to completely dry out. For this purpose, you can use leaf mulch.
During growth, it is desirable to feed the plant with mineral or organic fertilizers, for example, horn shavings. In winter, feeding should be discarded.
In relation to pests and diseases, heather is considered a fairly stable plant. Only autumn mushroom mushroom (Armillariella mellea) can cause great damage to the plant. If a white, fan-shaped mushroom spreads over the bark of a plant, heather for the most part dies. In this case, you must remove the plant as soon as possible. Moreover, the soil will have to be replaced in this area to prevent further spread of the fungus.