Unpretentious bindweed. Growing and Features
Of all garden vines, the fastest draperies of both vertical surfaces and soil are rightfully considered representatives of the bindweed genus. Bright greens, amazingly flexible shoots that can cling to a support themselves, touching funnel flowers with almost no pronounced lobes, and sweetness are the distinguishing features of even weed grass bindweeds. But decorative species can boast of an extraordinary abundance of flowering and greenery. The palette of bindweed is not limited to only a delicate pink color, and the diversity of these plants allows them to be grown both in soil and in pot culture.
Bindweed (Convolvulus) - the genus of the family Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae) The scientific name of the genus comes from lat. convolvere - “turn around”, since the stems of most plants of the genus wrap around other plants. Hence the Russian name of the genus. The genus includes about 250 species of plants.
- Easily recognizable appearance of vintage climbing treetop
- The use of bindweed in the design of the garden
- Inimitable in ampels and not only the Moorish bindweed
- Compact and very magnificent three-color bindweed
- A modest and hardy bind bind
- Lighting and soil needed for bindweed
- Bindweed Care
- Breeding bindweed
Easily recognizable appearance of vintage climbing treetop
Garden or cultivated bindweed - perennial or annual, but most often grown because of its heat loving nature, it is as summer plants with long and flexible shoots from 50 cm to several meters. Creeping or curly shoots create a dense canopy, densely dotted with simple and large, alternately arranged, whole heart- or arrow-shaped leaves, less often lobed or serrated.
The color of the greens is quite saturated, it creates a beautiful and fresh-looking carpet or screen. Flowers bloom on short peduncles singly or in a few pieces from the axils of the leaves, open in the mornings and in fine weather and close in cloudy and dark times of the day. Wide corolla funnels are very pretty, colors - from snow-white to delicate pink, purple, blue, most often the outer side is brighter. Individual bindweed have catchy varieties.
The use of bindweed in the design of the garden
Bindweed today are increasingly used in landscape design. This is one of the most effective draperies in the arsenal of every gardener, allowing you to effectively hide voids and bald spots, decorate slopes and unsightly sunny areas, create screens and temporary partitions. They rightly consider bindweed and one of the fastest growing annual vines.
They can be planted to create colorful flowering carpets and stains on mixborders and in discounts, in large flower beds, flower beds from summers, used in decorating narrow residual stripes of soil, rockeries and rock gardens. From the bindweeds create borders, they are grown on large and simple supports, curly frames, obelisks.
With their help, you can quickly hide the corners of the garden from prying eyes, divide the space and introduce spectacular verticals. Many of the bindweed are equally good at planting in the soil, and in container culture, are widely used in the design of pottery gardens, terraces and balconies.
Inimitable in ampels and not only the Moorish bindweed
Moorish bindweed (Convolvulus sabatius) not for nothing has earned the title of one of the most spectacular plants for hanging baskets and containers. It creates amazingly picturesque cascades, and on the soil - thick carpets.
Flexible, creeping shoots of this plant are decorated with attractive and always keeping freshness and beauty grayish leaves. Despite the fact that individual shoots reach only 50 cm in length, thanks to dense branching and rapid growth, the Moorish bindweed is able to completely cover with a continuous carpet about a square meter of soil.
The Moorish bindweed can not boast of a variety of varieties, but its basic form is a miracle as good: a delicate watercolor light lilac color, only emphasized by the cool tone of greenery, creates an amazing feeling of purity and freshness.
Compact and very magnificent three-color bindweed
Three-color bindweed (Convolvulus tricolor) is rightfully considered one of the most densely branching representatives of the genus. The herbaceous annual reaches a height of half a meter, flaunts with a very magnificent pillow of rising and creeping flexible and thin shoots on which oval leaves densely sit.
Despite the muffled color of greenery, the dense foliage of this bindweed looks very impressive, differing from the rest of the vines in a cold, bluish tone. Funnel flowers with a beautiful wavy edge reach 4 cm in diameter, but seem even more huge due to their bright and variegated color. This bindweed owes its name to it: a dazzling ultramarine one of the brightest blue shades on the bend of the corolla goes into the snow-white middle and is beautifully accentuated with a bright lemon pharynx.
The three-colored bindweed blooms relentlessly from early June to late August, and on quality soil in early autumn. The advantages of this species include the possibility of self-sowing, good fruitfulness (seeds perfectly ripen in trihedral boxes, even in the middle band) and the brightness of the blue color.
The three-colored bindweed has not only a basic form, but also varieties and decorative varieties. Darker blue, almost ink violet - the virtue of a contrasting and unusual bindweed of the Royal Ensign variety, raspberry color is characteristic of the Crimson Monarch, and the unusual density of greenery, forming almost spherical bushes, is limited to 20-30 cm in height. Rainbow Flash ”and“ Blue Flash ”.
In May, flower center counters are filled with nameless varieties with a wide variety of colors, from pink and blue in various shades to white and purple, and thanks to hybridization and mutation, garden centers are often pleased with unexpected new products.
A modest and hardy bind bind
Duplex bindweed (Convolvulus bicuspidatus) belongs to the “wild”, natural species, is widespread in the Caucasus and Siberia, and as a decorative plant has only recently attracted the attention of gardeners and designers.
The two-vertex bindweed conquers with its water color and landscape, natural, low-key beauty. Its shoots only curl slightly, they lie or slightly rise to a height of 30-40 cm and effectively spread out in loose, loose rugs. Arrow-shaped leaves in diameter reach 6 cm, very beautiful, with a prominent middle plate.
Throughout the summer, this bindweed is decorated with single flowers sitting on long peduncles up to 3 cm in diameter with a delicate pink corolla and an almost white “pharynx”. Unblown flowers and already opened gramophone densely cover lush greenery, further emphasizing the wild nature of the bindweed.
Be careful! The queen of annual vines, morning glory, is often called simply bindweed. But despite the fact that it belongs to the same family of Vyunkovs, it does not belong to the genus of bindweed itself, but is an independent plant, which has several species - the actual morning glory purple, white, ivy, etc., quamoclite, farbitis. Despite the fact that purple morning glory is old-fashioned for bindweed, modern botanical classifications urge this plant to be considered an independent genus.
Lighting and soil needed for bindweed
According to their requirements for growing conditions, bindweed are similar to most garden vines. These are non-capricious and content with small plants that will pleasantly surprise any florist who planted them. The only condition necessary for success in the cultivation of all bindweed is to provide them with a sunny location or at least diffused bright lighting and non-acidic soil.
Most effectively, the bindweed blossom in open areas, flooded with sunlight with high quality loams, but in general, soil nutrients are not too demanding and can take root in almost any garden soil.
Planting morning glory is a simple process. This plant requires maintaining a distance to neighboring plants of 20-25 cm, and for bindweed designed to fill the soil - 40-60 cm. In ampoules and pots, too, the bindweed is not too thickened, even a single plant will create an effective cascade.
Bindweeds practically do not require care and cope even with the most extreme periods of drought in the hot summer months. But if you manage to provide the bindweeds with watering, you can achieve truly magnificent flowering, under which the greenery of the plant is almost completely hidden.
Watering is an optional but desirable procedure for all bindweeds except the Moorish: ampel handsome even in open soil requires systematic replenishment of moisture loss and maintenance of stable and sufficiently strong soil moisture. If the Moorish bindweed suffers from prolonged drought, it will begin to drop buds, and part of the luxurious leaves will fade to "save" the resources available to the plant. But they are not afraid of short droughts: the bindweed will quickly recover and will bloom until the fall.
The rest of the care for bindweed is surprisingly simple. Weeding is needed only immediately after planting; they do not need to remove wilted flowers and top dressing. When growing on supports, they must be guided, and if too active creeping interferes with the composition and neighboring crops, it is possible to carry out partial pruning without harm to the plant.
For potted and growing in container bindweed care is standard: they will need systemic watering and weekly dressing.
Bindweeds are quite stable and usually do not get sick. But in the case of proximity to diseased plants, they can suffer greatly from aphids or powdery mildew, which should be controlled with standard means, insecticides, on this annual.
Representatives of bindweed are propagated only by seeds. It is advisable to grow plants through seedlings, because before flowering they need to spend enough time in the growing season, and early sowing allows you to achieve the most effective and quick drapery of the soil and supports in a short time.
But since all bindweed are cold-resistant, not afraid of return frosts, they can be successfully grown even when sowing in open soil, which can be done very early. Just with this option, you will lose part of the season. Seeds should be sown on seedling beds, and then transferred as usual seedlings to the selected place.
The optimal time for sowing seeds for seedlings is March, for soil - mid-April. Bindweed seeds germinate and germinate in 14 days. Seedlings and seedlings are grown in open soil until mid-May, when they can be transferred to a permanent place of cultivation or in pots.
On a note: bindweed - perennials, but not tolerant of frost. They can be grown not only as summers, but also preserved from year to year. To do this, it is enough to provide comfortable wintering conditions. When digging from the soil and carrying into containers or in the case of growing in a potted culture, all bindweed can be stored in bright but cold rooms during the winter.